Using the Builtin Flash

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E-TTL II autoflash obtains high-precision and consistent flash shots.

Using the Built-in Flash in the Basic Zone

If necessary, the built-in flash will pop-up automatically in low-light or backlit conditions, (except in <3ik> <E3> modes)

Using the Built-in Flash in the Creative Zone

Regardless of the light level, you can press the button to pop-up and fire the built-in flash whenever desired. P : For fully automatic flash photography. The shutter speed (1/ 60 sec. - 1/250 sec.) and aperture are set automatically, just as in <Q> (Full Auto) mode. Tv : Enables you to set the desired shutter speed (30 sec. -1/ 250 sec.). The camera then automatically sets the aperture to obtain the proper exposure at the shutter speed you have set. Av : Enables you to set the desired aperture. The camera then automatically sets the shutter speed (30 sec. -1/250 sec.) to obtain the proper exposure at the aperture you have set. Against dark backgrounds such as the night scenes, slow-sync shooting will be set so that both the subject and background are exposed correctly. The main subject is exposed with the flash, and the background is exposured with a slow shutter speed.

• Because automatic slow-sync shooting uses a slow shutter speed, always use a tripod.

• If you do not want a slow shutter speed to be set, set C.Fn-03 [Flash sync, speed in Av mode] to [1: 1/250sec. (fixed)]. (P-168)

M : You can set both the shutter speed (bulb or 30 sec. -1/250 sec.) and aperture. The main subject is exposed properly by the flash. The background exposure will vary depending on the shutter speed and aperture. A-DEP : The flash result will be the same as the <P> mode.

Built-in Flash Range

ISO speed

Wide angle: 18mm

Telephoto: 55mm


Approx. 1 -3.7/3.3-12.1

Approx. 1 -2.3/3.3 - 7.5


Approx. 1 -5.3/3.3-17.4

Approx. 1 -3.3/3.3 - 10.8


Approx. 1 -7.4/3.3-24.3

Approx. 1 -4.6/3.3 - 15.1


Approx. 1 - 10.5/3.3-34.4

Approx. 1 -6.6/3.3-21.7


Approx. 1 - 14.9/3.3-48.9

Approx. 1 -9.3/3.3-30.5

H: 3200

Approx. 1 -21.0/3.3-68.9

Approx. 1-13.1 / 3.3-43.0

With EF-S17-85mm f/4-5.6 IS USM [m / ft]

ISO speed

Wide angle: 17mm

Telephoto: 85mm


Approx. 1 -3.3/3.3- 10.8

Approx. 1 -2.3/3.3 - 7.5


Approx.^R/3.3- 15.1

Approx. 1 -3.3/3.3 - 10.8


Approx. 1 -6.5/3.3-21.3

Approx. 1 -4.6/3.3 - 15.1


Approx. 1 -9.2/3.3-30.2

Approx. 1 -6.6/3.3-21.7


Approx. 1 - 13.0/3.3-42.7

Approx. 1 -9.3/3.3-30.5

H: 3200

Approx. 1 - 18.4/3.3-60.4

Approx. 1-13.1 / 3.3-43.0

Use the built-in flash at least 1 m/3.3 ft away from the subject. Closer distances will cause the lens barrel to partially obstruct the flash. When using the built-in flash, detach any hood attached to the lens. A lens hood will partially obstruct the flash.

A super telephoto lens or fast, large-aperture lens may partially obstruct the built-in flash coverage. In such a case, using an EX-series Speedlite (optional) is recommended.

The built-in flash's coverage is effective with lens focal lengths as short as 17mm. If the lens is shorter than 17mm, the periphery of the flash photo will look dark.

To retract the flash, push it back down.

In the <Tv > <M> modes, even if you set the shutter speed to one faster than 1/250 sec., it will be set automatically to 1/250 sec. If autofocus cannot be achieved, the AF-assist beam (small flashes fired by the built-in flash) will be fired automatically (except in the <ED> modes), (p.78)

Using Red-eye Reduction

When flash is used in a low-light environment, the subject's eyes may look red in the image. "Red eye" happens when the light from the flash reflects off the retina of the eyes. The camera's red-eye reduction feature turns on the red-eye reduction lamp to shine a gentle light into the subject's eyes to narrow the pupil diameter or iris. A smaller pupil reduces the chances of red eye from occurring. Red-eye reduction can be set in any shooting mode except <3ik> <E3>.

Select [Red-eye On/Off],

• Turn the <Q> dial to select [ft Redeye On/Off], then press <®>.

• Turn the <Q> dial to select [On], then press <®>.

• When you exit the menu, <<§>> will be displayed on the LCD panel.

FE (flash exposure) lock obtains and locks the correct flash exposure reading for any part of a subject.

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l?5 S.E"2"1-

• Press the <i> button to pop-up the built-in flash.

• Press the shutter button halfway and look in the viewfinder to check that the < i > icon is lit.

Focus the subject.

• Press the shutter button halfway. Keep pressing the shutter button halfway until step 4.

• Aim the viewfinder center over the subject where you want to lock the flash exposure, then press the <-X-> button. The flash will fire a preflash and the required flash output is calculated and retained in memory.

► In the viewfinder, "FEL" is displayed for a moment and will light.

• Each time you press the <-X-> button, a preflash is fired and the required flash output is calculated and retained in memory.

Take the picture.

• Compose the shot and press the shutter button completely.

The flash is fired to take the picture.

y If the subject is too far away and beyond the effective range of the flash, the <i> icon will blink. Get closer to the subject and repeat steps 2 to 4.

B3 Flash Exposure Compensation*

In the same way as normal exposure compensation, you can set exposure compensation for flash. You can set flash exposure compensation up to ±2 stops in 1/3-stop increments.


Increased exposure


Decreased exposure


-J fH-2..1.J..1.î2

Set the exposure compensation amount.

• While looking at the LCD panel or viewfinder, turn the <©> dial.

Standard exposure index Exposure level -2..1..|..1.:2

Increased exposure mark -

Decreased exposure

• To cancel the flash exposure compensation, set the flash exposure compensation amount back to <î>.

• When you press the shutter button halfway, the <S3 > icon will be displayed in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel.

Take the picture.

o If you set flash exposure compensation with both the EX-series Speedlite and camera, the Speedlite's flash exposure compensation setting will override the camera's. If you set EX-series Speedlite's flash exposure compensation with the flash, any flash exposure compensation set with the camera will be overridden.

The exposure compensation amount will remain in effect even after the

> switch is set to <OFF>. The procedure is the same when using an EX-series Speedlite. The Speedlite's flash exposure compensation can be set with the camera.

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