Image Settings

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This chapter explains the digital image settings for the image-recording quality, ISO speed, white balance, color space, and processing parameters.

• For Basic Zone modes, only the image-recording quality (except RAW and RAW+7L), file numbering, and camera setting check will apply in this chapter.

• The asterisk M on the right of the page title indicates that the respective feature is available only in Creative Zone modes (P, Tv, Av, M, A-DEP).

MENU

Setting the Image-recording Quality

The 7L/8L/7M/8M/7S/8S modes record the image in the widely-used JPEG. In the lifiM mode, the captured image will require post-processing with the software provided. In the H+IL (RAW+JPEG) mode, the image is recorded in both the RAW and JPEG simultaneously. Note that lifiM and lifi^+IL cannot be selected in the Basic Zone modes.

1 Select [Quality].

• Press the <,V> key to select [Quality], then press <©>.

► The recording quality screen will appear.

2 Set the desired recording quality.

• Press the <S> key to select the desired recording quality, then press <©>.

• When you press the shutter button halfway, the image-recording quality will be displayed on the LCD panel.

Image-recording Quality Settings

Image-recording Quality

Image Type

(extension)

Pixels

Print Size

7L (Large Fine)

JPEG (.JPG)

3456 x 2304 (Approx. 8 million)

A3 or larger

8L (Large Normal)

7M (Medium Fine)

2496x1664 (Approx. 4.15 million)

A5 - A4

8M (Medium Normal)

7S (Small Fine)

1728x1152 (Approx. 2 million)

A5 or smaller

8S (Small Normal)

H (RAW)

RAW (.CR2)

3456 x 2304 (Approx. 8 million)

A3 or larger

The 7 (Fine) and 8 (Normal) icons indicate the image's compression rate. For better image quality, select 7 for low compression. To record more images on the memory card, select a higher compression 8. With RAW+7L, the RAW and JPEG images will be saved under the same file No. in the same folder.

The 7 (Fine) and 8 (Normal) icons indicate the image's compression rate. For better image quality, select 7 for low compression. To record more images on the memory card, select a higher compression 8. With RAW+7L, the RAW and JPEG images will be saved under the same file No. in the same folder.

nmiu Setting the Image-recording Quality

Image File Size and CF Card Capacity According to Image-Recording Quality

Image-recording Quality

Image File Size (Approx. MB)

Possible Shots

73

3.3

145

83

1.7

279

74

2.0

245

84

1.0

466

7S

1.2

419

8S

0.6

790

-

41

8.3

58

• The number of possible shots and maximum burst (p.54) apply to a Canon 512MB CF card.

• The single image size, number of possible shots, and maximum burst during continuous shooting are based on Canon's testing standards (ISO 100 with [Parameter 1] set). The actual single image size, number of possible shots, and maximum burst will vary depending on the subject, shooting mode, ISO speed, parameters, etc.

• In the case of monochrome images (p.65), the file size will be smaller so the number of possible shots will be higher.

• On the top LCD panel, you can check the remaining number of images the CF card can record.

• A different image-recording quality can be set separately for the Basic Zone modes and Creative Zone modes.

About the RAW

The RAW assumes that the image will undergo post-processing with a personal computer. Special knowledge is required, but you can use the bundled software to obtain the optimum effect.

Image processing refers to adjusting the RAW image's white balance, contrast, etc., to create the desired image.

Note that RAW images will not work with direct printing or DPOF.

nia™ Setting the Image-recording Quality

Max. Burst During Continuous Shooting

The maximum burst during continuous shooting depends on the image-recording quality. The approx. maximum burst during continuous shooting is indicated below for each image-recording quality. Note that with high-speed CF cards, the maximum burst may be higher than shown in the table below depending on the shooting conditions.

Image-

recording

Quality

73

83

7M

8M

7S

8S

11

Max. Burst

14

36

27

110

80

780

5

4

The number of shots remaining during the maximum burst is displayed on the lower right of the viewfinder.

Max. Burst

If "9" is displayed, it indicates that the maximum burst is nine or more shots. If "5" is displayed, it is five shots.

While you are shooting and the remaining maximum burst is fewer than 9, the viewfinder will display "8", "7", etc. If you stop the continuous shooting, the maximum burst will increase.

The maximum burst may greatly decrease in the following cases:

• In the <2> mode, the built-in flash automatically switches between firing and non-firing as you shoot continuously.

• During continuous shooting, the external flash cannot recycle fast enough. The following operations will also greatly decrease the maximum burst:

• Pressing the shutter button completely repeatedly at short intervals.

• Right after taking a picture, you change the shooting mode and take pictures immediately.

• During continuous shooting, you pop-up or retract the built-in flash or turn the external Speedlite on or off.

The above table's figures for the maximum burst apply when all the captured images have been processed internally and written to the CF card.

With white balance bracketing (p.60), the maximum burst will be 2 shots.

The maximum burst is displayed even when the drive mode is set to <□> (Single) or < j>. The maximum burst is displayed even when a CF card is not in the camera. Therefore, before shooting, make sure that a CF card is installed in the camera.

ISO Setting the ISO Speed*

The ISO speed is a numeric indication of the sensitivity to light. A higher ISO speed number indicates a higher sensitivity to light. Therefore, a high ISO speed is suited for low light and moving subjects. However, the image may look more grainy with noise, etc. On the other hand, a low ISO speed is not suited for low light or action shots, but the image will look finer. The camera can be set between ISO 100 and 1600 in 1-stop increments.

ISO Speed in the Basic Zone Modes

The ISO speed is set automatically within ISO 100-400.

ISO Speed in the Creative Zone Modes

You can set the ISO speed to [100] [200] [400] [800] [1600].

Press the <WZ> button. ► The [ISO speed] menu will be displayed.

Set the ISO speed.

• Press the <V > key to select the desired setting, then press <©>.

At higher ISO speeds and higher ambient temperatures, the image will look more grainy.

High temperatures, high ISO speeds, or long exposures may cause irregular colors in the image.

WB Setting the White Balance *

Normally, the <rawia> setting will set the optimum white balance automatically. If natural-looking colors cannot be obtained with < ™ > you can set the white balance manually to suit the respective light source. In the Basic Zone modes, will be set automatically.

Press the <TWB> button. ► The [White balance] menu will appear.

Select the white balance setting.

• Press the <S> key to select the desired setting, then press <©>.

• When you press the shutter button halfway, the white balance setting will be displayed on the LCD panel.

Display

Mode

Color temperature (Approx. K)

^^

Auto

3000 - 7000

W

Daylight

5200

E

Shade

7000

R

Cloudy, twilight, sunset

6000

Y

Tungsten

3200

U

White fluorescent light

4000

I

Flash

6000

O

Custom*

2000 - 10000

* Set the optimum white balance manually to suit the lighting. (p.57) About White Balance

* Set the optimum white balance manually to suit the lighting. (p.57) About White Balance

The three RGB (red, green, and blue) primary colors exist in the light source in varying proportions depending on the color temperature. When the color temperature is high, there is more blue. And when the color temperature is low, there is more red. To the human eye, a white object looks white regardless of the type of lighting. With a digital camera, the color temperature can be adjusted with software so that the colors in the image look more natural. The subject's white color is used as the criteria for adjusting the other colors. The camera's <rawia> setting uses the image sensor for auto white balance.

MENU

Custom White Balance*

r

m

H

□ □

□ □

With custom white balance, you shoot a white object that will serve as the basis for the white balance setting. By selecting this image, you import its white balance data for the white balance setting.

1 Photograph a white object.

• The plain, white object should fill the viewfinder center.

• Set the lens focus mode switch to <MF>, then focus manually. (p.76)

• Shoot the white object so that a standard exposure is obtained.

2 Select [Custom WB].

• Press the <V > key to select [Custom WB], then press <©>.

► The custom WB screen will appear.

3 Select the image.

• Press the key to select the image that was taken in step 1, then press <©>.

► The image's white balance data will be imported and the menu will reappear.

► The caution screen highlighted in orange frame will appear.

I A Select [White balance],

• Press the <,V> key to select [White balance], then press <©>.

► The white balance screen will appear.

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white balance

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Color space

SRGB

Parameters

Parameter 1

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Color space SRGB

Parameters Parameter 1

113 Custom White Balance*

Select the custom white balance.

• Press the <S> key to select <o>, then press <©>.

• When you press the shutter button halfway, the <o> icon will be displayed on the LCD panel.

• If the exposure obtained in step 1 is underexposed or overexposed, a correct white balance might not be obtained.

• If an image was captured while the processing parameter was set to [B/ W] (p.65), it cannot be selected in step 3.

E3 Instead of a white object, an 18% gray card (commercially available) can produce a more accurate white balance.

MENU

White Balance Correction *

You can correct the standard color temperature for the white balance setting. This adjustment will have the same effect as using a color temperature conversion or color compensating filter. Each color can be corrected to one of nine levels. Users familiar with using color temperature conversion or color compensating filters will find this feature handy.

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AEB

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■V

Wiite balance

El

:«8 SHIFT/BKT

0. O/tO

Custom WB

Color space

sRGB

Parameters

Parameter

1

m

HMhh

Sample setting: A2, G1

Sample setting: A2, G1

Select [WB SHIFT/BKT].

• Press the <,V> key to select [WB SHIFT/BKT], then press <©>.

► The WB correction/WB bracketing screen will appear.

Set the white balance correction.

• Press the <S> key to move the "■" mark to the desired position.

• B is blue, A is amber, M is magenta, and G is green. The color in the respective direction will be corrected.

• On the upper right, the "SHIFT" indicator shows the bias direction and correction amount.

• To cancel the white balance correction, press the <S> key to move the "■" to the center so that "SHIFT" indicates "0, 0."

• Press <©> to exit the setting and return to the menu.

One level of the blue/amber correction is equivalent to 5 mireds of a color temperature conversion filter. (Mired: A measurement unit indicating the density of a color temperature conversion filter.) You can also set white balance bracketing and AEB in combination with white balance correction.

In step 2, if you turn the <6> dial, WB bracketing will be set. (p.60)

White Balance Auto Bracketing *

With just one shot, three images having a different color hue can be recorded simultaneously. Based on the white balance mode's color temperature, the image will be bracketed with a blue/amber bias or magenta/green bias. This is called white balance bracketing. It can be set up to ±3 levels in single-level increments.

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Flash Exp cantil

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«hite balance

<£9

¡WB SHIFT/BKT

0.0/i0

custom WB

Color space

S ROB

Paraneters

Parameter 1

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1 Set the image-recording quality to a setting other than RAW and

Select [WB SHIFT/BKT].

• Press the <,V> key to select [WB SHIFT/BKT], then press <©>.

► The WB correction/WB bracketing screen will appear.

3 Set the bracketing amount.

• Turn the <6> dial to set the bracketing direction and bracketing level.

• When you turn the <6> dial, the "■" mark on the screen will change to

"■ ■ ■" (3 points). Turning the <6> dial to the right sets the B/A bracketing, and turning it to the left sets the M/G bracketing.

• Set the bracketing level for the B/A or M/G bias up to ±3 levels in singlelevel increments. (The bracketing level cannot be set for both the B/A and M/G bias at the same time.)

► On the right side of the screen, "BKT" indicates the bracketing direction and bracketing level.

• Press <©> to exit the setting and return to the menu.

IM White Balance Auto Bracketing*

4 Take the picture.

► If B/A bracketing has been set, the three images will be recorded onto the CF card in the following sequence: Normal white balance, blue bias, and amber bias. If M/G bracketing has been set, the sequence will be normal white balance, magenta bias, and green bias.

Canceling White Balance Auto Bracketing

In step 3, set "BKT" to "±0" (set "■ to "■", 1 point).

If the image-recording quality is set to RAW or RAW+7L, white balance bracketing cannot be used.

With white balance bracketing set, the maximum burst will be 2 shots.

When you set white balance bracketing, the possible number of shots displayed on the LCD panel will decrease to one-third the normal number.

Since three images are recorded for one shot, the CF card will take longer to record the shot.

You can also set white balance correction and AEB in combination with white balance bracketing. If you set AEB in combination with white balance bracketing, a total of nine images will be recorded for a single shot.

"BKT" stands for bracketing.

Setting the Color Space*

The color space refers to the range of reproducible colors. With this camera, you can set the color space for captured images to sRGB or Adobe RGB. For normal images, sRGB is recommended. In the Basic Zone modes, sRGB will be set automatically.

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  • nadine kuester
    How can i set my canon 350D camera to get a nice image?
    2 months ago

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