Each parameter can be changed separately.
3. Press Set to change the values of one of the four parameters. If you're redefining one of the default presets, the menu screen will look like the figure, which represents the Landscape Picture Style.
4. Use the Quick Command Dial or multi-controller to move the triangle to the value you want to use. Note that the previous value remains on the scale, represented by a gray triangle. This makes it easy to return to the original setting if you want.
5. Press the Set button to lock in that value, then press the Menu button three times to back out of the menu system.
Any Picture Style that has been changed from its defaults will be shown in the Picture Style menu with blue highlighting the altered parameter. You don't have to worry about changing a Picture Style and then forgetting that you've modified it. A quick glance at the Picture Style menu will show you which styles and parameters have been changed.
Making changes in the Monochrome Picture Style is slightly different, as the Saturation and Color Tone parameters are replaced with Filter Effect and Toning Effect options. (Keep in mind that once you've taken a photo using a Monochrome Picture Style, you can't convert the image back to full color.) You can choose from Yellow, Orange, Red, Green filters, or None, and specify Sepia, Blue, Purple or Green toning, or None. You can still set the Sharpness and Contrast parameters that are available with the other Picture Styles. Figure 3.15 shows filter effects being applied to the Monochrome Picture Style.
Select from among four color filters in the Monochrome Picture Style.
Although some of the color choices overlap, you'll get very different looks when choosing between Filter Effects and Toning Effects. Filter Effects add no color to the monochrome image. Instead, they reproduce the look of black-and-white film that has been shot through a color filter. That is, Yellow will make the sky darker and the clouds will stand out more, while Orange makes the sky even darker and sunsets more full of detail. The Red filter produces the darkest sky of all and darkens green objects, such as leaves. Human skin may appear lighter than normal. The Green filter has the opposite effect on leaves, making them appear lighter in tone. Figure 3.16 shows the same scene shot with no filter, then Yellow, Green, and Red filters.
The Sepia, Blue, Purple, and Green toning effects, on the other hand, all add a color cast to your monochrome image. Use these when you want an old-time look or a special effect, without bothering to recolor your shots in an image editor.
1Sharpness D Contrast
5Toning effect G:Green
Dust Delete Data
This menu choice lets you "take a picture" of any dust or other particles that may be adhering to your sensor. The 40D will then append information about the location of this dust to your photos, so that the Digital Photo Professional software can use this reference information to identify dust in your images and remove it automatically. You should capture a Dust Delete Data photo from time to time as your final line of defense against sensor dust.
To use this feature, select Dust Delete Data to produce the screen shown in Figure 3.17. Select OK and press the Set button. The camera will first perform a self-cleaning operation by applying ultrasonic vibration to the low-pass filter that resides on top of the sensor. Then, a screen will appear asking you to press the shutter button. Point the 40D at a solid white card with the lens set on manual focus and rotate the focus ring to infinity. When you press the shutter release, the camera takes a photo of the card using aperture priority and f/22 (which provides enough depth-of-field (actually, in this case depth-of-focus) to image the dust sharply. The "picture" is not saved to your Compact Flash card but, rather, is stored in a special memory area in the camera. Finally, a "Data obtained" screen appears.
The Delete Dust Data information is retained in the camera until you update it by taking a new "picture." The 40D adds the information to each image file automatically.
Capture updated dust data for your sensor to allow Digital Photo Professional to remove it automatically.
Dust Delete Data
Obtaining the data for erasing dust with software. Refer to Instuction Manual.
Playback Menu 1/2 Options
The two blue-coded Playback menus are where you select options related to the display, review, transfer, and printing of the photos you've taken. The choices you'll find include:
■ Protect images
■ Transfer order
■ Highlight alert
If you want to keep an image from being accidentally erased (either with the Erase button or by using the Erase menu), you can mark that image for protection. To protect one or more images, press the Menu button and choose Protect. Then use the Quick Control Dial to view the image to be protected. Press the Set button to apply the protection. A key icon will appear at the upper edge of the information display while still in the protection screen, and when reviewing that image later (see Figure 3.18). To remove protection, repeat the process. You can scroll among the other images on your memory card and protect/unprotect them in the same way. Image protection will not save your images from removal when the card is reformatted.
Protected images can be locked against accidental erasure (but not preserved from formatting).
Protected images can be locked against accidental erasure (but not preserved from formatting).
While you can set the EOS 40D to automatically rotate images taken in a vertical orientation using the Auto Rotate option in the Set-up menu, you can manually rotate an image during playback using this menu selection. Select Rotate from the Playback 1 menu, use the Quick Command Dial to page through the available images on your memory card until the one you want to rotate appears, then press Set. The image will appear on the screen rotated 90 degrees, as shown in Figure 3.18. Press Set again, and the image will be rotated 270 degrees.
Choose this menu entry and you'll be given two choices: Select and erase images and All images on card. The former option displays the most recent image. Press Set to mark that image for deletion, and then rotate the Quick Command Dial to view other images, using the Set button to mark those you want to delete. When finished marking pictures, press the Trash button, and you'll see a screen that says Erase selected images with two options, Cancel and OK. Use the Quick Command Dial to choose OK, then press the Set button to erase the images, or select Cancel and press the Set button to return to the selection screen. Press the Menu button to unmark your selections and return to the menu.
The All images on card choice removes all the pictures on the card, except for those you've marked with the Protect command, and does not reformat the memory card.
The EOS 40D supports the DPOF (Digital Print Order Format) that is now almost universally used by digital cameras to specify which images on your memory card should be printed, and the number of prints desired of each image. This information is recorded on the memory card, and can be interpreted by a compatible printer when the camera is linked to the printer using the USB cable, or when the memory card is inserted into a card reader slot on the printer itself. Photo labs are also equipped to read this data and make prints when you supply your memory card to them.
You can read more about assembling print orders in Chapter 8.
You can specify which images are to be transferred to your personal computer when the EOS 40D is linked to the computer with the USB cable. Individual images are "marked" using a review and selection system similar to the one used to specify print orders. You'll find more about creating a transfer order in Chapter 8.
This menu entry is the first item on the second Playback menu tab and has just two options: Enable and Disable. When set to Enable, overexposed highlight areas in your image will blink during picture review. That's your cue to consider using exposure compensation to reduce exposure, unless a minus-EV setting will cause loss of shadow detail that you want to preserve. You can read more about correcting exposure in Chapter 4.
The 40D can display the autofocus point (or points) that was active when the picture was taken as a tiny red square when the full information display is chosen for playback. (Some users mistake the red square in the playback thumbnail as a "hot" pixel.) Choose AF point disp. in the Playback 2 menu and select Enable or Disable. There is little reason not to view this information, so most leave this setting switched on at all times. There's more about choosing autofocus points in Chapter 5.
The 40D can show either a Brightness histogram or set of three separate Red, Green, and Blue histograms in the full information display during picture review. Brightness histograms give you information about the overall tonal values present in the image. The RGB histograms can show more advanced users valuable data about specific channels that might be "clipped" (details are lost in the shadows or highlights). Select Histogram from the Playback 2 menu and choose Brightness or RGB. You can read more about using histograms in Chapter 4.
Auto Play is a convenient way to review images one after another, without the need to manually switch between them. To activate, just choose Auto Play from the Playback 2 menu. During playback, you can press the Set button to pause the "slide show" (in case you want to examine an image more closely), or the Info. button to change the amount of information displayed on the screen with each image. For example, you might want to review a set of images and their histograms to judge the exposure of the group of pictures.
Set-up Menu 1/2/3 Options
There are three yellow-coded Set-up menus where you make adjustments on how your camera behaves during your shooting session, as differentiated from the Shooting menu, which adjusts how the pictures are actually taken. Your choices include:
■ File numbering
■ LCD brightness
■ Sensor cleaning
■ Live View function settings
■ Flash control
■ Camera user setting
■ Clear all camera settings
Auto Power Off
This setting allows you to determine how long the EOS 40D remains active before shutting itself off. As you can see in Figure 3.19, you can select 1, 2, 4, 8, 15, or 30 minutes or Off, which leaves the camera turned on indefinitely. However, even
Select an automatic shut-off period to save battery power.
Auto power off m
Auto power off
30 min. Off if the camera has shut itself off, if the power switch remains in the On position, you can bring the camera back to life by pressing the shutter button or, if using a Creative Zone mode, by pressing the * button.
There are three settings and several techniques you can use to help you stretch the longevity of your 40D's battery. The first setting is the Review Time option described earlier under the Shooting 1 menu. That big 3-inch LCD uses a lot of juice, so reducing the amount of time it is used (either for automatic review or for manually playing back your images) can boost the effectiveness of your battery. Auto Power Off turns off most functions (metering and autofocus shut off by themselves about six seconds after you release the shutter button or take a picture) based on the delay you specify. The third setting is the LCD Brightness adjustment described below. If you're willing to shade the LCD with your hand, you can often get away with lower brightness settings outdoors, which will further increase the useful life of your battery. The techniques? Use the internal flash as little as possible; no flash at all or fill flash use less power than a full blast. Turn off image stabilization if your lens has that feature and you feel you don't need it. When transferring pictures from your 40D to your computer, use a card reader instead of the USB cable. Linking your camera to your computer and transferring images using the cable takes longer and uses a lot more power.
The EOS 40D will automatically apply a file number to each picture you take, using consecutive numbering for all your photos over a long period of time, spanning many different memory cards, starting over from scratch when you insert a new card, or when you manually reset the numbers. Numbers are applied from 0001 to 9999, at which time the camera creates a new folder on the card (100, 101, 102, and so forth), so you can have 0001 to 9999 in folder 100, then numbering will start over in folder 101.
The camera keeps track of the last number used in its internal memory. That can lead to a few quirks you should be aware of. For example, if you insert a memory card that had been used with a different camera, the 40D may start numbering with the next number after the highest number used by the previous camera. (I once had a brand new 40D start numbering files in the 8,000 range.) I'll explain how this can happen next.
On the surface, the numbering system seems simple enough: In the menu, you can choose Continuous, Automatic Reset, or Manual Reset. Here is how each works:
■ Continuous. If you're using a blank/reformatted memory card, the 40D will apply a number that is one greater than the number stored in the camera's internal memory. If the card is not blank and contains images, then the next number will be one greater than the highest number on the card or in internal memory. (In other words, if you want to use continuous file numbering consistently, you must always use a card that is blank or freshly formatted.) Here are some examples.
*You've taken 4,235 shots with the camera, and you insert a blank/reformatted memory card. The next number assigned will be 4,236, based on the value stored in internal memory.
*You've taken 4,235 shots with the camera, and you insert a memory card with a picture numbered 2,728. The next picture will be numbered 4,236.
*You've taken 4,235 shots with the camera, and you insert a memory card with a picture numbered 8,281. The next picture will be numbered 8,282, and that value will be stored in the camera's menu as the "high" shot number (and will be applied when you next insert a blank card).
■ Automatic Reset. If you're using a blank/reformatted memory card, the next photo taken will be numbered 0001. If you use a card that is not blank, the next number will be one greater than the highest number found on the memory card. Each time you insert a memory card, the next number will either be 0001, or one higher than the highest already on the card.
■ Manual Reset. The 40D creates a new folder numbered one higher than the last folder created, and restarts the file numbers at 0001. Then, the camera uses the numbering scheme that was previously set, either Continuous or Automatic Reset, each time you subsequently insert a blank or non-blank memory card.
You can turn this feature On or Off. When activated, the EOS 40D rotates pictures taken in vertical orientation on the LCD screen so you don't have to turn the camera to view them comfortably. However, this orientation also means that the longest dimension of the image is shown using the shortest dimension of the LCD, so the picture is reduced in size. You have three options, shown in Figure 3.20. The image can be autorotated when viewing in the camera and on your computer screen using your image editing/viewing software. The image can be marked
* ■ '
to autorotate only when reviewing your image in your image editor or viewing software. This option allows you to have rotation applied when using your computer, while retaining the ability to maximize the image on your LCD in the camera. The third choice is Off. The image will not be rotated when displayed in the camera or with your computer. Note that if you switch Auto Rotate off, any pictures shot while the feature is disabled will not be automatically rotated when you turn Auto Rotate back on; information embedded in the image file when the photo is taken is used to determine whether autorotation is applied.
The Info. button on the back panel of the Canon EOS 40D by default alternates between the Camera Settings and Shooting Functions information displays (see Figure 3.21). If one is shown, press the Info. button to see the other. If you'd rather have only one of those screens shown (and disable the toggling feature), choose INFO. button from Set-up Menu 1 (see Figure 3.22) and change from Normal disp. to either Camera set. or Shoot. func.
The Info. button toggles between the Camera Settings (top) and Shooting Functions menus (bottom).
Picture Style Standard
Detail €0,C 0,»°o 0,^0 Color space sRGB WB SHIFT/BKT 0,0/±0
C1:P C2:P C3:P [Possible shots] Freespace m  400MB
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