Manual mode, denoted as M on the Mode dial, gives you full manual control. You set both the aperture and shutter speed based on the exposure level meter shown in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel. This mode is useful in a variety of shooting scenarios including shooting fireworks, astral photography, for some studio shooting, when you want to intentionally underexpose or overexpose the scene, or when you want a consistent exposure across a series of photos such as for a panoramic series.
In Manual mode, you set the exposure by turning the Main dial to select the shutter speed and the Quick Control dial to select the aperture.
Pressing the Shutter button halfway, initiates the metering. The camera's ideal exposure is indicated when the tick mark is at the center of the exposure level indicator shown in the viewfinder.
1.20 Manual mode is great for shots such as this image of the moon where I know in advance what exposure settings would work best. Exposure: ISO 100, f/3.5, 1/40 sec. using an EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS USM lens.
The exposure level meter also displays the amount of overexposure or underexposure from the camera's ideal exposure. If the amount of under- or overexposure is +/- 2 Exposure Values (EV), the exposure level indicator bar blinks to show the amount of plus or minus EV in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel. You can then adjust either the aperture or shutter speed until the exposure level you want is displayed.
In Manual mode, you have full control over the camera's exposure controls, Picture Style, and the built-in or accessory flash use and settings.
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