Landscape mode

Whereas Portrait mode aims for a very shallow depth of field (small zone of sharp focus), Landscape mode, which is designed for capturing scenic vistas, city skylines, and other large-scale subjects, produces a large depth of field. As a result, objects both close to the camera and at a distance appear sharply focused, as shown in Figure 2-10.

Like Portrait mode, Landscape mode achieves the greater depth of field by manipulating the exposure settings — specifically, the aperture, or f-stop setting. So the extent to which the camera can succeed in keeping everything in sharp focus depends on the available light. To fully understand this issue, see Chapters 5 and 6. And in the meantime, know that you also can extend depth of field by zooming out, if you're using a zoom lens, and moving farther from your subject.

As for other camera settings, Landscape mode results in the following options:

✓ Picture Style: The camera automatically sets the Picture Style option to Landscape, which produces a sharper image, with well-defined "edges" — the borders between areas of contrast or color change. The Picture Style setting also produces more vivid blues and greens, which is what most people prefer from their landscape photos. You can read more about Picture Styles in Chapter 6.

Figure 2-10: Landscape mode produces a large zone of sharp focus and intensifies blues and greens.

✓ Drive mode: The camera selects the Single option, which records one image for each press of the shutter button. As with the other scene modes, you can switch to a Self-Timer or Remote Control setting by following the steps laid out at the end of this chapter.

✓ Flash: The built-in flash is disabled, which is typically no big deal: Because of its limited range, a built-in flash is of little use when shooting most landscapes anyway.

✓ Autofocusing: The AF (autofocus) mode is set to One-Shot, which means that focus is locked when you press the shutter button halfway. (See Chapter 6 for details.) Focus usually is set on the nearest object that falls under one of the nine autofocus points, but remember that because of the large depth of field that the Landscape mode produces, both far and near objects may appear equally sharp, depending on their distance from the lens.

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