Sending Pictures to the Computer

You can take two approaches to moving pictures from your camera memory card to your computer Connect the camera directly to USB symbol the computer. For this option, you need to dig out the USB cable that came in your camera box. The camera manual refers to the cable as the interface cable. Your computer must also have a free USB slot, or port, in techie talk. If you aren't sure what these gadgets look like, Figure 8-1 gives you a look. The little three-pronged icon you see on the plug and to...

Adjusting aperture and shutter speed

HBEff You can adjust aperture and shutter speed only in P, Tv, Av, and M exposure modes. In A-DEP mode, the camera forces you to use its selected exposure settings. You can, however, tweak the exposure by using the exposure-compensation feature discussed in the next section. To see the current exposure settings, start by pressing the shutter button halfway. The following activities then take place The exposure meter comes to life. If autofocus is enabled, focus is also set at this point. The...

Autofocusing in Live View Mode

Chapter 4 covers the basics of shooting in Live View mode, which enables you to compose your shots by using the camera monitor instead of the viewfinder. As I mention in that discussion, using this photography mode on a digital SLR isn't as simple as it is on a compact point-and-shoot model because of the complexities of SLR design. On the Rebel XS 1000D, shooting in Live View mode requires some tradeoffs, such as not being able to use certain exposure features or any of the fully automatic...

Selecting an autofocus point

Where The Button Rebel

When you shoot in any of the fully automatic exposure modes Full Auto, Portrait, Landscape, and so on as well as in A-DEP mode, all seven of your camera's autofocus points are active. That means that the camera's autofocus-ing system looks at all the points when trying to establish focus. Typically, the camera sets focus on the point that falls over the object closest to the lens. If that focusing decision doesn't suit your needs, you have two options Set the camera to P, Tv, Av, or M exposure...

Adjusting flash power with flash exposure compensation

Camera Symbol Exposure Flash

When you shoot with your built-in flash, the camera attempts to adjust the flash output as needed to produce a good exposure in the current lighting conditions. On some occasions, you may find that you want a little more or less light than the camera thinks is appropriate. You can adjust the flash output by using a feature called flash exposure compensation. This feature works similarly to exposure compensation, discussed earlier in this chapter. But flash exposure compensation affects the...

Viewing Images in Playback Mode

To switch your camera to Playback mode and view the images currently on your memory card, take these steps 1. Press the Playback button, labeled in Figure 4-2 and shown in the margin here. The monitor displays the last picture you took along with some shooting data. To find out how to interpret the picture data and specify what data you want to see, see the upcoming section Viewing Picture Data. If you're curious about your options now, though, press the DISP button to cycle through the...

Manipulating Depth of Field

Stop Examples

Getting familiar with the concept of depth of field is one of the biggest steps you can take to becoming a more artful photographer. I introduce you to depth of field in Chapters 2 and 5, but here's a quick recap just to hammer home the lesson II Depth of field refers to the distance over which objects in a photograph appear sharply focused. With a shallow, or small, depth of field, only your subject and objects very close to it appear sharp. Objects at a distance from the subject appear...

Choosing a Color Space sRGB vs Adobe RGB

Canon Srgb Adobe Rgb

Normally, your camera captures images using the sRGB color mode, which simply refers to an industry-standard spectrum of colors. The s is for standard, and the RGB is for red-green-blue, which are the primary colors in the digital imaging color world. This color mode was created to help ensure color consistency as an image moves from camera or scanner to monitor and printer the idea was to create a spectrum of colors that all of these devices can reproduce. However, the sRGB color spectrum...

Using an external flash unit

Rebel Xsi With External Flash

In addition to its built-in flash, your camera has a hot shoe, which is photo-geek terminology for a connection that enables you to add an external flash head like the one shown in Figure 5-31. The figure features the Canon Speedlite 580EX II, which currently retails for right around 350. Although certainly not the cheapest of camera accessories, an external flash may be a worthwhile investment if you do a lot of flash photography, especially portraits. For one thing, an external flash offers...

Creating a custom white balance setting

If none of the preset white balance options produces the right amount of color correction, you can create your own custom setting. To use this technique, you need a piece of card stock that's either neutral gray or absolute white not eggshell white, sand white, or any other close-but-not perfect white. You can buy reference cards made just for this purpose in many camera stores for under 20. Position the reference card so that it receives the same lighting you'll use for your photo. Then take...

Exploring Picture Styles

Canon 550d Picture Style Settings

In addition to all the focus and color features already covered in this chapter, your Rebel XS 1000D offers Picture Styles. Through Picture Styles, you can further tweak color as well as saturation, contrast, and image sharpening. iffiSTo Sharpening is a software process that adjusts contrast in a way that creates .ix the illusion of slightly sharper focus. I explain sharpening fully in Chapter 10, but the important thing to note for now is that sharpening cannot remedy poor focus, but instead...

Checking depth of field

When you look through your viewfinder and press the shutter button halfway, you can get only a partial indication of the depth of field that your current camera settings will produce. You can see the effect of focal length and the camera-to-subject distance, but because the aperture doesn't actually open to your selected f-stop until you take the picture, the viewfinder doesn't show you how that setting will affect depth of field. By using the Depth-of-Field Preview button on your camera,...

Correcting colors with white balance

White Balance Light White Statues

Every light source emits a particular color cast. The old-fashioned fluorescent lights found in most public restrooms, for example, put out a bluish-greenish light, which is why our reflections in the mirrors in those restrooms always look so sickly. And if you think that your beloved looks especially attractive by candlelight, you aren't imagining things Candlelight casts a warm, yellow-red glow that is flattering to the skin. Science-y types measure the color of light, officially known as...

Finetuning White Balance settings

Picture Styles Shift Bkt

As yet another alternative for manipulating colors, your Rebel XS 1000D enables you to tweak white balancing in a way that shifts all colors toward a particular part of the color spectrum. The end result is similar to applying a traditional color filter to your lens. To access this option, called White Balance Correction, take these steps 1. Set the Mode dial to P, Tv, Av, M, or A-DEP exposure mode. You can take advantage of White Balance Correction only in these modes. 2. Display Shooting Menu...

Using an IS image stabilizer lens

1000d Focus Ring

The 18-55mm lens sold with the Rebel XS 1000D offers a feature called image stabilization. On Canon lenses, this feature is indicated by the initials IS in the lens name. Image stabilization attempts to compensate for small amounts of camera shake that are common when photographers handhold their cameras and use a slow shutter speed, a lens with a long focal length, or both. That camera movement during the exposure can produce blurry images. Although image stabilization can't work miracles, it...

Setting ISO fstop and Shutter Speed

If you want to control ISO, aperture f-stop , or shutter speed, you must set the camera to one of the five advanced exposure modes. Formally called Creative Zone modes in Canon nomenclature, these modes include programmed autoexposure P , shutter-priority autoexposure Tv , aperture-priority autoexposure Av , manual exposure M , and auto depth of field A-DEP . I explain each of these modes at the start of the chapter. The next sections provide specifics finally, you say on how to adjust ISO,...

Changing the white balance setting

Canon White Balance Symbols

To switch from automatic to manual white balancing, follow these steps 1. Set the camera Mode dial to P, Tv, Av, M, or A-DEP. You can tweak white balance only in these advanced exposure modes. You see the White Balance screen, shown on the left in Figure 6-18. Figure 6-18 Press the WB button to access white balance options. Figure 6-18 Press the WB button to access white balance options. 3. Press the right or left cross key to highlight the setting you want to use. As you scroll through the...

Introducing the Exposure Trio Aperture Shutter Speed and ISO

Iso Aperture Shutter Speed

Any photograph, whether taken with a film or digital camera, is created by focusing light through a lens onto a light-sensitive recording medium. In a film camera, the film negative serves as that medium in a digital camera, it's the image sensor, which is an array of light-responsive computer chips. Between the lens and the sensor are two barriers, known as the aperture and shutter, which together control how much light makes its way to the sensor. The actual design and arrangement of the...

Working with Memory Cards

Canon 1000d Insert Memory Card

Instead of recording images on film, digital cameras store pictures on memory cards. Your Rebel XS 1000D uses a specific type of memory card called an SD card for Secure Digital , shown in Figures 1-5 and 1-6. Other card types CompactFlash, Memory Stick, or any others aren't compatible with your camera. However, if you use SD cards in your cell phone, portable music player, or other device, you can use the same cards in your camera. Also, your camera can use the new, high-capacity SD cards,...

Solving autofocus problems

When you shoot in the fully automatic modes, the camera typically focuses on the closest object. If the camera insists on selecting an autofocus point that isn't appropriate for your subject, the easiest solution is to switch to manual focusing and be done with it. Chapter 1 shows you how. Or you can use the advanced exposure modes, which enable you to select a specific autofocus point. Chapter 6 explains that option plus a few other tips for getting good autofocus results. Shooting moving...

Adjusting the Viewfinder Focus

Perched on the top right edge of the viewfinder is a tiny black knob, officially called the dioptric adjustment control. I labeled the knob in Figure 1-4. With this control, you can adjust the magnification of the viewfinder to mesh with your eyesight. If you don't take this step, scenes that appear out-of-focus through the viewfinder may actually be sharply focused through the lens, and vice versa. Figure 1-4 Use the dioptric adjustment control to set the viewfinder focus for your eyesight....

Changing the AF autofocus mode

Your camera offers three different autofocusing schemes, which you select through a control called AF mode. The three choices work like so One-Shot In this mode, which is geared to shooting stationary subjects, the camera locks focus when you depress the shutter button halfway. Focus remains locked as long as you hold the shutter button at that halfway position. AI Servo In this mode, the camera adjusts focus continually as needed from the time you press the shutter button halfway to the time...

Changing the Drive Mode

Your camera offers the following Drive mode settings Single This setting, which is the default for all of the fully automatic modes except Portrait and Sports, records a single image each time you press the shutter button. In other words, this is normal-photography mode. Continuous Sometimes known as burst mode, this setting records a continuous series of images as long as you hold down the shutter button. On the Rebel XS 1000D, you can capture as many as three shots per second. Obviously, this...

Exploring more flash options

Setup Menu 2, shown on the left in Figure 5-29, offers an option called Flash Control. Through this menu item, you can customize a few additional aspects of your camera's built-in flash as well as an external flash head. LCD brightness Qi . 7 . ,i - j Date Time 08 21 08 14 34 Language English Video system NTSC Sensor cleaning Live View function settings External flash func. setting External flash C.Fn setting Clear ext. flash C. Fn set. Figure 5-29 You can customize additional flash options via...