Travel Photography

The XSi 450D is lightweight, small, fast, and extremely versatile, making it ideal to use when traveling. With a set of compact zoom lenses and plenty of SD SDHC cards, you'll have everything you need to take high-quality shots to document your travels. Before you begin a trip, clean your lenses and ensure the camera is in good working condition. Have spare batteries and SD SDHC cards. If you're traveling by air, check the carry-on guidelines on the airline's Web site and determine if you can...

Approaches to Composition

The technical aspects of photography are unquestionably important, and until now, that's been the primary concentration of this book. But technical competence alone doesn't create memorable images. Among the qualities that make images memorable are artful composition and compelling content. I will leave the content of images to your imagination, but will discuss some widely used approaches to composition. While composition guidelines will help you design an image, the challenge and the joy of...

What is depth of field

Depth of field is the zone of acceptably sharp focus in front of and behind a subject. In simple terms, depth of field determines if the foreground and background are rendered as a soft blur or with distinct detail. Depth of field generally extends one-third in front of the point of sharp focus and two-thirds behind it. Aperture is the main factor that controls depth of field, although camera-to-subject distance and focal length affect it as well. Depth of field is as much a practical matter...

Stock Photography

At some point, almost everyone who has more than a passing interest in photography contemplates the idea of making money from his or her images. And for those who do, their short list of ideas includes stock photography near the top. Stock photos fill the pages of popular newsstand magazines and brochures and grace posters in public places and billboards along the highways. Stock photography refers to existing images available for licensing by clients, including advertising agencies,...

Selecting an AF point

You can manually select the AF point by following these steps 1. Set the Mode dial to P, Tv, Av, or M mode. In the other Creative Zone mode, A-DEP, the camera automatically sets the AF point or points for you. Some suggest that you can use the standard point-and-shoot technique of focus-lock and recompose with the XSi 450D. This is the technique where you lock focus on the subject, and then move the camera to recompose the image. In my experience, however, the focus shifts slightly during the...

Selecting a Metering Mode

Metering modes determine how much of the scene the Rebel XSi 450D uses to measure light. To make a good exposure, the camera has to know the amount of light that illuminates the subject or scene. To determine this, the camera's light meter measures the amount of light in the scene, and, based on the ISO, calculates the aperture and shutter-speed combinations necessary to make a good exposure. Most cameras, including the XSi 450D, use a reflective light meter that measures light reflected from...

Fluorescent and other light

Commonly used in offices and public places, fluorescent light ranges from a yellow to a blue-green hue. Other types of lighting include mercury-vapor and sodium-vapor lights found in public arenas and auditoriums that have a green-yellow cast in unfiltered uncorrected photos. You should set a custom white balance on the XSi 450D in this type of light or, if you shoot RAW, shoot a white or gray card so you can balance to neutral during conversion. 6.14 These red and yellow peppers were lit by...

Choosing an aperture

In everyday shooting, photographers most often select an aperture based on how they want background detail to be rendered in the image either with distinct detail or with indistinct or blurred detail. This is called controlling the depth of field, discussed later in the chapter. In addition, choosing a specific aperture may involve other factors. For example, if you want to avoid blur from camera 6.4 For this image, a narrow aperture of f 10 provided good sharpness throughout the frame....

Zoom lens advantages

The obvious advantage of a zoom lens is the ability to quickly change focal lengths and image composition without changing lenses. In addition, only two or three zoom lenses are needed to encompass the focal range you use most often for everyday shooting. For example, carrying a Canon EF-S 17-55mm IS USM lens and a Canon EF 55-200mm f 4.5-5.6 II USM lens, or a similar combination, provides the focal range needed for everything from landscape to portrait to some wildlife photography. A zoom lens...

Portrait Photography

Portraiture is likely the most popular of photographic specialties and provides a continuing challenge and opportunity for photographers. Making portraits is a process of discovering the spirit and spark of people and conveying it in images certainly a compelling and challenging endeavor. Despite the challenges, portrait photography is ultimately very satisfying and rewarding. The following sections detail some considerations involved in portraiture. 9.28 Leigh is from Dallas, and giving her a...

Selecting an Autofocus point

Selecting an AF point determines the point in the image that will have the sharpest focus. When you're shooting in P, Tv, Av, and M modes, you can manually choose one of the nine AF points shown in the viewfinder. Or you can have the XSi 450D automatically choose the AF point for you. In Basic Zone . x . . . __ , , 2.17 Nine AF points are shown on the modes and in A-DEp mode, the camera focusing screen on the Rebel XSi 450D. automatically selects the AF point or points. Having the camera...

The LCD

With the XSi 450D, the 3-inch LCD not only displays captured images, camera settings, and menus, but it also provides a continuous view of the scene during Live View shooting. The LCD displays approximately 100 percent coverage of the scene. Exposure level also shows Exposure compensation amount and AEB level) Aperture - Shots remaining, shots remaining during WB-BKT, Self-timer countdown, Bulb exposure time Battery Picture Check style Image recording quality Battery Picture Check style Image...

Choosing a Shooting Mode

A shooting mode determines how and what kinds of exposure settings are set. In addition, these modes determine whether you or the camera sets all or part of the exposure settings and other controls, including the autofocus (AF), white balance, shooting speed, and metering mode. Some modes function fully automatically, much like a point-and-shoot camera, while others are semiautomatic, giving you control over key exposure settings there is a manual mode that gives you control over all the...

Time The role of shutter speed

Shutter speed controls how long the shutter stays open to let light from the lens strike the image sensor. The longer the shutter, or curtain, stays open, the more light reaches the sensor (at the aperture and ISO that you've set). When you increase or decrease the shutter speed by one full setting, it doubles or halves the exposure. For example, twice as much light reaches the image sensor at 1 30 second as at 1 60 second. In daily shooting, shutter speed is also related to The ability to...

Action and Sports Photography

Anyone who shoots action and sports events knows that a fast camera is essential for capturing the energy and critical moments of the action. With a burst rate of approximately 53 JPEG and 6 RAW frames in Continuous Drive mode, combined with smart buffering, the XSi 450D performs admirably for action at the photographer's disposal is his own pair of eyes. (From The Mind's Eye Writings on Photography and Photographers by Henri Cartier-Bresson Aperture, 2005 .) shooting. The focal length...

Using the Onboard Flash

The onboard flash unit on the XSi 450D offers a handy complement to ambient-light shooting. The unit offers flash coverage for lenses as wide as 17mm (equivalent to 27mm in full 35mm frame shooting). The flash recycles in approximately one to three seconds depending on the number of firings and is indicated with the Flash-ready light in the viewfinder. The built-in flash offers good versatility and features overrides, including Flash Exposure Compensation (FEC) and Flash Exposure Lock (FE...

B

Action sports photography, 178 composition element, 171 macro photography, 200 portrait photography, 211 still-life photography, 220 backlighting lighting condition, 130 macro photography, 200 Partial metering mode, 36-37 backups image archiving, 248 image workflow element, 247 balance, composition guidelines, 167-168 barrel distortion, 250 Basic Zone modes Auto Lighting Compensation, 39 Auto Lighting Optimizer, 36 automatic flash, 4-5 automatic ISO sensitivity, 5 built-in flash, 136 Close-up,...

Tungsten light

Tungsten is typically the light provided by household lights and lamps. This light has a warmer hue than daylight and produces a yellow orange cast in photos. In moderation, the yellow hue is valued for the warm feeling it lends to images. Setting the XSi 450D to the Tungsten White Balance setting retains a hint of the warm hue of tungsten light while rendering colors with reasonable accuracy. If you want neutral colors without the warm hue of tungsten, then set a custom white balance. 6.12...

Table Action and Sports Photography

Setup In the Field The image in figure 9.9 is one of a series at a skate park. The XSi 450D's fast autofocus helps to capture this type of action. Additional Considerations At sports events, find a good shooting position with a colorful, non-distracting background. If you're shooting JPEG capture and the light is bright, setting a negative exposure compensation of up to -1 Exposure Value (EV) can help avoid blowing detail from highlight areas in the image. If you shoot in RAW capture mode,...

Inspiration

Photo opportunities with domesticated pets include any new experiences for the animal such as getting acquainted with another pet, sleeping in odd positions or curled up with other pets, watching out the window for kids to come home from school, racing after a ball or Frisbee, or performing in an arena. For wildlife and birds, check with local photo clubs and groups of photographers who often organize annual trips during the best times to capture wildlife and birds in your area. Check with a...

Sunrise

In predawn hours, the cobalt and purple hues of the night sky dominate. But as the sun inches over the horizon, the landscape begins to reflect the warm gold and red hues of the low-angled sunlight. During this time of day, the green color of grass, tree leaves, and other foliage is enhanced, while earth tones take on a cool hue. Landscape, fashion, and portrait photographers often use the light available during and immediately after sunrise. Although you can use the AWB (Automatic White...

Chapter Exploring and Setting Up the Digital Rebel XSiD

Vii Chapter 2 Using the Rebel XSi 450D 21 Anatomy of the Digital Rebel XSi 450D Front camera controls Top camera controls Rear camera controls Camera terminals The LCD Viewfinder display Lens controls Setting Up the Rebel XSi 450D Formatting an SD SDHC card Setting the date and time Choosing the file format and quality JPEG format RAW format Changing file numbering Choosing a Shooting Mode 22 How shooting modes relate to Flash-off mode 29 Creative Zone shooting modes 30 Selecting a Metering...

Focus Mode

Drive Mode One-shot AF AI Focus AF AI Servo AF One-shot In One-shot AF mode, shooting the camera must confirm accurate focus before you can take the picture. If you're using Evaluative metering, exposure is also locked at the selected AF point. If the subject moves, the The camera focuses AF mode automatically switches from One-shot AF to AI Servo AF to focus on and track the moving subject. on the subject and maintains focus during subject movement. The exposure is set at the moment the image...

Updating the XSiD Firmware

One of the greatest advantages of owning a digital camera such as the XSi 450D is that Canon often posts updates to the firmware (the internal instructions) for the camera to its Web site. New firmware releases can add improved functionality to existing features and, in some cases, fix reported problems with the camera. New firmware along with ever-improving software keeps your camera and your ability to process images current as technology improves. To determine if you need to update firmware,...

Using the EOS Integrated Cleaning System

Each time you change the lens on the camera, dust can filter into the lens chamber and eventually settle on the low-pass filter in front of the image sensor. Dust spots on the image sensor inevitably appear as dark spots on your images. With the Rebel XSi 450D, a two-step automated cleaning system addresses both small, light particles and sticky particles that adhere to the low-pass filter in front of the image sensor. The first step is automatic cleaning that uses ultrasonic vibrations to...

Setting Custom Functions

Custom Functions enable you to customize camera controls and operations to better suit your shooting style and, as a result, they can save you significant time. The XSi 450D offers 13 Custom Functions ranging from exposure customizations to the functions of various buttons. There are a couple of specifics that you should keep in mind regarding Custom Functions They can be set only in Creative Zone modes such as P, Tv, Av, M, and A-DEP and, when you set a Custom Function option, it remains in...

SiD

One of the first things most photographers do when setting up a new camera is to customize it for their personal shooting preferences. The EOS Rebel XSi 450D offers excellent options for customizing the operation of controls and buttons and the shooting functionality, both for everyday shooting and for shooting specific scenes and subjects. The XSi 450D offers three helpful features for customizing the use and operation of the camera. Custom Functions. Thirteen Custom Functions allow you to...

Shooting in Live View

Once you have the options and functions set up for Live View, you can begin shooting. Live View is well suited for macro or still-life shooting. With this type of shooting, you most likely want to use either manual focusing or Quick mode autofocusing with manual tweaking. During focusing, you can enlarge the view up to 10x to ensure tacksharp focus. Another good option is to use Remote Live View with the camera connected, or tethered, to a computer. With the Remote Live View option, you connect...

Using a flash

You can also use the built-in flash or an accessory EX-series Speedlite with Live View shooting. When the built-in flash or an accessory EX-series Speedlite is used, the shooting sequence after fully pressing the Shutter button is for the reflex mirror to drop to allow the camera to gather the pre-flash data, and then the mirror to move up out of the optical path for the actual exposure. As a result, you hear two shutter clicks, but only one image is taken. Here are some things you should know...

Live View focusing

With Live View shooting, you have three focusing options Quick mode, which uses the camera's nine-point autofocus system Live mode, which is a contrast-based autofocus system that reads the sharpness of subjects directly from the image sensor and manual focusing. Of the three focusing options, manual focusing with the image magnified provides the most precise focusing. By necessity, the camera's reflex mirror must remain locked up to provide live viewing. When you use Quick mode to focus, Live...

About Live View

The concept of the camera being able to hold the shutter open to provide a real-time view of the scene and yet pause long enough to focus is impressive in terms of technology for digital SLR cameras. And even more impressive is the quality of the live view that the XSi 450D provides, which is smooth and detailed. To create this live view, Canon engineered an electronic first-curtain shutter that enables shooting while the mechanical shutter is completely open. To give the detailed view, the...

Using Live View

The Live View feature on the Rebel XSi 450D offers a variety of advantages. It offers flexibility in framing images, particularly when crouching down to examine the shot through the viewfinder requires unnatural body contortions it offers a large LCD view that can be magnified up to 10x to ensure tack-sharp automatic or manual focus and it can be used with the camera connected to a computer with control of the camera offered on the computer using the EOS Utility program. The Live View shooting...

Taking architectural and interior photographs

9.15 This image shows one of the exclusive lodges in the Seattle area. The lodge is built at the crest of a cliff that leads to a massive waterfall farther down the mountain. I chose to shoot the lodge at early sunset, and then used Curves in Photoshop to bring out the foliage and rock details. Architectural and Interior Photography Setup In the Field Whether you are shooting photos for fun or for a real- estate company, or shooting your own home, it's important to plan the setup carefully and...

Custom Function specifics

In this section, I explain each of the Custom Functions and the options that you can set. As you read about each Custom Function, consider how you could use it to simplify or customize the camera. You don't have to set each option, and it is likely you may find only a few that are useful to you in the beginning. But as you continue shooting, you'll likely grow to appreciate the power that they offer. Keep in mind that the functions are easy to find, so you can go back and reset them if you...

Sample RAW Image Conversion

Although RAW image conversion adds a step to image processing, this important step is well worth the time. To illustrate the overall process, here is a high-level task-flow for converting an XSi 450D RAW image by using Canon's DPP. Choosing a RAW conversion program is a matter of personal preference in many cases. Canon's Digital Photo Professional (DPP) is included with the XSi 450D, and program updates are offered free. Third-party programs, however, often have a lag time between the time the...

Canons RAW Conversion Program

If you're new to RAW conversion, it is worth noting differences between JPEG and RAW images. With JPEG images, the camera automatically processes the image data coming off the sensor, converts the images from 14-to 8-bit files, and compresses them in the JPEG file format. JPEG is a familiar file format that allows images to be viewed on any computer and to be opened in any image-editing program. By contrast, RAW images are stored in proprietary format, and they cannot be viewed on some...

Full Auto mode

In Full Auto mode, the Rebel XSi 450D automatically selects all the exposure and camera settings. This can be a good mode to use for quick snapshots. However, keep in mind that the camera defaults to using the built-in flash in low-light scenes, although you may not want or need to use the flash. Also remember that in all modes, the lens that you choose enhances your creative control. In Full Auto mode, the camera is set to AI Focus AF mode, which means that if the subject begins moving, the...

Basic Zone shooting modes

The Basic Zone shooting modes are grouped together on one side of the Mode dial. They are the modes denoted by pictorial icons and by a green rectangle. The icons depict commonly photographed scenes or subjects. For example, the mountain icon denotes Landscape mode and gives exposure settings that provide acceptable sharpness from back to front in the image. To do this, the XSi 450D sets a narrow aperture large f-stop number based on the light to provide an extensive depth of field. Each of the...

Zoom lens disadvantages

Although zoom lenses allow you to carry around fewer lenses, they tend to be heavier than their single focal-length counterparts. Mid-priced, fixed-aperture zoom lenses also tend to be slow, meaning that with maximum apertures of only f 4.5 or f 5.6, they call for slower shutter speeds that, in turn, limit your ability to get sharp images when handholding the camera, provided that the lens does not have image stabilization IS , a technology that is detailed later in this chapter. Some zoom...

How shooting modes relate to exposure

With the Rebel XSi 450D, you can choose to control none, all, or part of the exposure settings, and you do that by choosing a shooting mode. If you're new to photographic exposure, the brief discussion here will help you understand the descriptions of the shooting modes later in this chapter. To make a good exposure, the camera requires that the ISO International Organization for Standardization , aperture, or f-stop, and shutter speed be set correctly based on the amount of light in the scene...

Evaluative metering

Evaluative metering is the default metering mode on the Rebel XSi 450D, and it analyzes light from 35 zones throughout the entire viewfinder and links it to the autofocus system. The meter analyzes the point of focus and automatically applies compensation if the surrounding areas are much lighter or darker than the point of focus. To determine exposure, the camera analyzes subject position, brightness, background, front- and backlighting, and camera orientation. 2.10 This image was taken using...

Canon Lens Terminology

Canon uses several designations and lens construction technologies that are helpful to know as you consider lenses to add to your camera system. EF EF-S lens mount. This designation identifies the type of mount that the lens has and the camera accepts. The EF lens mount provides not only quick mounting and removal of lenses, but it also provides the communication channel between the lens and the camera body. The EF mount is fully electronic and resists abrasion, shock, and play, and needs no...

Hard light

Hard light is created when a distant light source produces a concentrated spotlight effect such as light from the sun in a cloudless sky at midday, an electronic flash, or a bare light bulb. Hard light creates dark, sharp-edged shadows as well as a loss of detail in highlights and shadows. Portraits taken in hard overhead light create dark, unattractive shadows under the eyes, nose, and chin. This type of light also is called contrasty light. Contrast is measured by the difference in exposure...

Canon Powershot

Over the years, major stock agencies have acquired thousands of images, which means they now have more specific subject needs. Conceptual shooting is also a good area to consider. Themes such as single, breaking up, and the tranquility of a spa are examples of recent stock requests. 9.36 Some stock agencies specialize in food photography, and a subject such as this plate of chocolate-chip cookies would be a potential submission for food stock imagery. Setup In the Field For the image in figure...

Using Telephoto Lenses

Canon Eos Telephoto Lens

Choose a telephoto lens to take portraits and to capture distant subjects such as birds, buildings, wildlife, and landscapes. Short telephoto lenses such as 85mm and 100mm are ideal for portraits, while long lenses 200mm to 800mm allow you to photograph distant birds, wildlife, and athletes. When photographing wildlife, long lenses also allow you to keep a safe distance from the subject. When you shoot with a telephoto lens, keep these lens characteristics in mind Shallow depth of field....

Using Tiltand Shift Lenses

Referred to as TS-E, tilt-and-shift lenses allow you to alter the angle of the plane of focus between the lens and sensor plane to provide a broad depth of field even at wide apertures and to correct or alter perspective at almost any angle. In short, TS-E lenses allow you to correct perspective distortion and control focusing range. Tilt movements allow you to bring an entire scene into focus, even at maximum apertures. By tilting the lens barrel, you can adjust the lens so that the plane of...

Architectural and interior photography tips

If the building you're photographing features strong, vivid colors, emphasize the colors by shooting in bright midday sunlight. Find a shooting position that allows you to show off the dynamic lines and shapes of the building or interior. Use surrounding elements to underscore the sense of place and space. For example, a university building's design that incorporates gentle arches might be photographed through an archway leading up to the entrance. Or, if the area is...

Action and sports photography tips

Regardless of the technique you choose to shoot action photos, set a goal of showing the emotion, thrill, speed, or excitement of the scene in your pictures. You want the kind of picture where people look at it and say, Wow Get a clean background. Most stadiums have walls plastered with advertisements on them. To minimize the distraction of the advertisements, use a wide aperture such as f 5.6 or f 4. Early in the event, look for a position that gives you the best view of...

Exploring Flash Technology

Both the onboard flash and Canon's EX-series Speedlites employ E-TTL II technology. E-TTL stands for Evaluative Through-the-Lens flash exposure control. E-TTL II is a flash technology that receives information from the camera, including the focal length of the lens, distance from the subject, exposure settings including aperture, and the camera's built-in evaluative metering system to balance subject exposure with the ambient light. In more technical terms, with E-TTL II, the camera's meter...

Sensitivity The role of ISO

The ISO setting determines how sensitive the image sensor is to light. The higher the ISO number, the less light that's needed to make a picture. The lower the ISO number, the more light that's needed to make a picture. In everyday shooting, photographers use high ISO numbers or settings such as ISO 800 to 1600 to get faster shutter speeds so that they can handhold the camera and get a sharp image in low-light scenes. Conversely, in bright to moderately bright light, low settings from 100 to...

Approaches to using various white balance options

Because the XSi 450D offers two basic approaches to setting white balance, you may find that you use different approaches in different shooting scenarios. Following are examples for using the different approaches Using preset white balance settings. For outdoor shooting, especially during clearly defined lighting situations such as bright daylight, an overcast sky, or shooting indoors in fluorescent or tungsten light, the preset white balance settings perform nicely. In general, the preset...

Disabling the flash but enabling the flashs autofocusassist beam

In some low-light scenes, you may want to shoot using ambient light without using the flash. However, the camera may have trouble establishing good focus due to the low light. The autofocus-assist AF-assist beam from the flash is invaluable in these situations to help the camera establish focus. In these kinds of scenes, you can disable the flash firing and still use the flash's AF-assist beam to help the camera to establish focus. To enable or disable flash firing but still allow the camera to...

Taking child photographs

9.18 Dress-up family events offer excellent opportunities for portraits as children assume a much more grown-up carriage, but retain the sparkle of youth with a characteristic twinkle in their eyes. Setup In the Field The image in figure 9.18 was taken during a wedding reception, and 11-year-old Dalton enjoyed wearing a suit for the first time. The original image was shot in color, but after experimenting with black-and-white conversion, I liked the classic look of the monochrome rendering...

Auto Lighting Optimization

Auto Lighting Optimization is a built-in image-correction feature that boosts contrast and brightens images that are too dark. Auto Lighting Optimization is not a setting that you can adjust manually, and it is used when you shoot in all Basic Zone modes such as Portrait, Landscape, Sports mode, and so on. It is also used when you shoot JPEG images in Creative Zone modes including P, Tv, Av, and A-DEP. It is not used in M mode or when you shoot RAW or RAW JPEG format images. While automatic...

Using Wide Angle Lenses

A wide-angle lens is a versatile lens for capturing subjects ranging from large groups of people to sweeping landscapes, as well as for taking pictures in places where space is cramped. The distinguishing characteristic of wide-angle lenses is the range of the angle of view. Within the Canon lens line-up, you can choose angles of view from the 15mm Fisheye lens, which offers a 180-degree angle of view, to the 35mm lens, which offers a 63-degree angle of view, not counting the 1.6x focal length...

Shadows In Still Life

Shadows Still Life Photography

Traditional still-life subjects are a great way to start learning the art of still-life photography. Subjects include fruit, flowers, pottery, antiques, clothing, food entrees, beverages, bottles, soaps, coins, watch and clock parts, and decorative holiday display items. Almost anything that catches your eye for its beautiful form, texture, shape, and design is a good candidate for a still-life photo. Because the success of the image often depends on the setup and arrangement, study art and...

Using Macro Lenses

Macro lenses open a new world of photographic possibilities by offering extreme levels of magnification. In addition, the reduced focusing distance allows beautiful, moderate close-ups as well as extreme close-ups of flowers and plants, animals, raindrops, and everyday objects. The closest focusing distance can be further reduced by using extension tubes. Normal and telephoto lenses offer macro capability. Because these lenses can be used at their normal focal length as well as for macro...

Press the right cross key to select OK

The camera formats the card, and then displays the Setup 1 yellow menu. Lightly press the Shutter button to return to shooting. It is generally a good idea to format media cards every few weeks to keep them clean. If you've used a media card in another camera, be sure to format it in the XSi 450D to ensure that proper data structure is set, and to clean up the card. Note ls possible to take pictures when no memory card is in the camera, which is useful when you're...

Closeup mode

In Close-up mode, the Rebel XSi 450D allows a close focusing distance, and it sets a wide aperture to provide a shallow depth of field that blurs background details. It also sets as fast a shutter speed as possible given the light. This mode produces much the same type of rendering as Portrait mode, but it uses the Standard Picture Style. You can further enhance the close-up effect by using a macro lens. If you're using a zoom lens, zoom to the telephoto end of the lens. In Close-up mode, the...

Extension tubes and closeup lenses

Canon Eos Rebel Xsi 450d Accessories

Extension tubes are close-up accessories that provide magnification from approximately 0.3 to 0.7 and can be used on many EF lenses, though there are exceptions. Extension tubes are placed between the camera body and lens and connect to the camera via eight electronic contact points. The function of the camera and lens is unchanged, and you can combine extension tubes for greater magnification. Canon offers two extension tubes, the EF 12 II and the EF 25 II. Magnification differs by lens, but...

Fn Mirror Lockup

Option 1 for this function prevents blur that can be caused in close-up and super-tele-photo shots by the camera's reflex mirror flipping up at the beginning of an exposure. While the effect of motion from the mirror is negligible during normal shooting, it can make a difference in the extreme magnification levels for macro shooting and when using super-telephoto lenses. If you turn on Mirror Lockup, the first time that you press the Shutter button, it flips up the reflex mirror. You then have...

Sports mode

In Sports mode, the Rebel XSi 450D sets a fast shutter speed to freeze subject motion. This mode is good for capturing athletes in mid-air, a player sliding toward a base, or the antics of pets and children. 2.5 This image was taken in Close-up mode, where the camera also sets a wide aperture and automatically chooses the autofocus point. Exposure ISO 400, f 4, 1 60 second. 2.5 This image was taken in Close-up mode, where the camera also sets a wide aperture and automatically chooses the...

Macro Photography

Many people think about shooting flowers when they think macro photography. Certainly, few photographers can resist the temptation to photograph flowers, and exotic plants. But macro photography applications are much broader than subjects offered in nature. With any of Canon's macro lenses, you have the opportunity to make stunning close-up images of everything from stamps and water drops to jewelry and the weathered hands of an elder. At its best, macro photography is a journey in discovering...

Flash Exposure Lock

One way to modify flash output is by using Flash Exposure Lock FE Lock . Much like Auto Exposure Lock AE Lock , FE Lock allows you to meter and set the flash output on any part of the scene. With FE Lock, you lock the flash exposure on a midtone area in the scene. The camera calculates a suitable flash output, and locks or remembers the exposure, and then you can recompose, focus, and make the picture. FE Lock is also effective when there are reflective surfaces such as a mirror, chrome, or...

Control the focus and depth of field

Sharp focus establishes the relative importance of the elements within the image. And because the human eye is drawn first to the sharpest point in the photo, be sure that the point of sharpest focus is on the part of the subject that you want to emphasize for example, in a portrait, the point of sharpest focus should be on the subject's eyes. Differential focusing controls the depth of field, or the zone or area of the image that is acceptably sharp. In a nutshell, differential focusing works...

Taking night and lowlight photographs

450d Low Light Action

9.27 Low-light scenes such as sports events, interiors, and music concerts offer wonderful photo opportunities, but they are challenging in terms of exposure, timing for capturing the action, and composition. 9.27 Low-light scenes such as sports events, interiors, and music concerts offer wonderful photo opportunities, but they are challenging in terms of exposure, timing for capturing the action, and composition. Table 9.9 Night and Low-Light Photography Setup In the Field The primary setup...

Fn SET button when shooting

This Custom Function enables you to take advantage of using the Set button while you're shooting rather than only when you're using camera menus. The Set button continues to function normally when you're accessing camera menus. If you have Live View shooting enabled, however, pressing the Set button initiates Live View display on the LCD monitor regardless of the options you've chosen for this Custom Function. Here are the options and a description of each one 0 Normal disabled . This is the...

Portrait mode

In Portrait mode, the Rebel XSi 450D sets a wide aperture small f-stop number providing a shallow depth of field, which blurs background details to prevent them from distracting from the subject. The Rebel also switches to Portrait Picture Style, which is designed to enhance the skin tones. Obviously, Portrait mode is great for people portraits, but it's also a great mode for taking pet portraits, indoor and outdoor still-life shots, and nature shots such as flowers that you photograph from a...

AFAF lock no AE lock If

You're shooting in AI Servo AF mode where the camera automatically tracks the motion of a moving subject, this function enables you to press the AE Lock button whenever an object moves in front of the subject so that subject focus isn't thrown off. For sports, action, and wildlife shooting, this option is useful in ensuring sharp subject focus. The downside, of course, is that you do not have the ability to use AE Lock at all. 3 AE AF, no AE lock. This option extends Option 2 by allowing you to...

Exposure Compensation

Exposure Compensation enables you to purposely and continuously modify the standard exposure by a specific amount up to - 2 f-stops in 1 3-stop increments or in 1 2-stop increments via C.Fn-1. Scenarios for using Exposure Compensation vary widely, but a common use is to override the camera's suggested ideal exposure in scenes that have large areas of white or dark tones. In these types of scenes, the camera's onboard meter averages light or dark scenes to 18 percent gray to render large...

Using the Display Disp Button

You can use the Display button to sequence through different displays in Playback mode. In Single-image playback mode, press the Display button once to display basic shooting information overlaid on the image preview. Press it again to display shooting information, a small image preview, and the image histogram. Press it yet again to display the images with the RGB histograms. Press it once more to return to an image display with no shooting information. You can use the cross keys to move...

Preset Picture Style Nostalgia Ke Canon 450d

Creative Zone mode, 30-31 versus Full Auto mode, 29-30 panning, 253 panoramic shots, M Manual mode, 33-34 Partial metering mode, backlit side-lit scenes, 36-37 patience, animal wildlife photography, 184 perspective composition element, 172-173 telephoto lenses, 156 wide angle lenses, 156 Photoshop PSD format, lossless compression, 17 photosite, 253 Picture Style button, 7, 9 Picture Style Editor, 80-82 Picture Styles Autumn Hues, 82 Clear, 82 Emerald, 82 Faithful, 75, 77 filter effects, 78...

Getting Sharp Focus

In addition to good exposure, the success of a picture also depends on getting tack-sharp focus. The XSi 450D offers nine AF points that are etched in the viewfinder. Once you or the camera selects an AF point or points, it is used to establish the point of sharpest focus in the image. Note Technically, getting tack-sharp focus depends on three factors the resolving power of the lens its ability to render fine details sharply , the resolution of the image sensor, and, if you print the image,...

Only external flash emits

If you choose this option, the AF-assist beam emits only when a Canon Speedlite is mounted on the camera's hot shoe. The Speedlite's AF-assist beam is more powerful than the beam of the built-in flash, and that makes this option good for low-light and low-contrast subjects that are farther away from the camera. However, be aware that if you have set the Custom Function on the Speedlite so that the AF-assist beam does not fire, then the Speedlite's Custom Function option overrides the camera's...

Formatting an Sdsdhc card

The Rebel XSi 450D accepts SD and SDHC, or Secure Digital High Capacity, media cards. Not all media cards are created equal, and the type and speed of media that you use affects the Rebel XSi 450D's response times, including the ability to write images to the media card and to continue shooting quickly, the speed at which images display on the LCD, and how quickly you can zoom images on the LCD. The type of file format that you choose also affects the speed of certain tasks. For example, when...

Front camera controls

The front of the camera is a view photographers seldom see. But there are controls and connections on the front of the camera that you'll use often, such as the Lens release button and the Depth of field preview button. If you use EF-S lenses, you should note the location of the white EF-S lens mount index mark. This is the mark you use to line up the lens when you mount it on the camera. The front camera controls, from left to right, include the following Shutter button. This button sets...

Rear camera controls

The rear camera controls are handy for making quick adjustments while you're shooting. In particular, you'll likely use the WB white balance , Menu, Playback, and AF-point selection Magnify Autofocus buttons often. Your ability to use some of the rear camera controls depends on the shooting mode you're using. In automatic modes such as Portrait, Landscape, and Sports, pressing the AV, WB, and Drive mode selection buttons has no effect because these functions are set automatically by the camera....

Redeye reduction

A disadvantage of flash exposure in portraits of people and pets is unattractive red in the subject's eyes. There is no sure fix that prevents red eye, but a few steps help reduce it. First, be sure to turn on Red-Eye Reduction on the XSi 450D. This option is set to Off by default. Then, before making the picture, have the subject look at the Red-Eye Reduction lamp on the front of the camera when it fires at the beginning of a flash exposure. Also have the room well lit. Before you begin,...

Choosing a Color Space

On the XSi 450D, you can select a color space for shooting in the Creative Zone shooting modes, such as P Program Auto Exposure, or AE , Tv Shutter-priority AE , Av Aperture-priority AE , M Manual exposure , and A-DEP Automatic Depth of Field . The options are Adobe RGB or sRGB. The color space you choose applies to both JPEG and RAW files shot in Creative Zone modes. In all Basic Zone modes, the camera automatically selects sRGB and JPEG capture. If you choose Adobe RGB for Creative Zone...

Nature and Landscape Photography

With breathtaking vistas of forests, mountains, and expanse of sky, God's handiwork remains an awesome wealth of photographic material for photographers. From dawn to dusk and sometimes beyond, nature provides an endless source of inspiration for stunning images. And you don't have to go far to find the next image. You can choose a single location and return week after week to take entirely different pictures. Seasonal changes to flora and fauna, passing wildlife, rain, sunshine, fog, and snow...

Understanding color temperature

Few people think of light as having color until the color becomes obvious, such as at sunrise and sunset when the sun's low angle causes light to pass through more of the earth's atmosphere, creating visible and often dramatic color. However, regardless of the time of day, natural light has a color temperature, and each color, or hue, of sunlight renders subjects differently. Likewise, household bulbs, candlelight, flashlights, and electronic flashes all have distinct color temperatures. As...

Still Life Photography

Still Life Photography

Arrangements of food, pottery, rocks, and plants that are reminiscent of classic and modern paintings jump to mind first when many people think of still-life photography. As with painters, photographic still-life images are typically characterized by striking lighting that defines the subject form. But still-life arrangements also can be found in existing scenes in old homes and buildings, along sidewalks, and in stores. Some photographers shy away from still-life photography because of its...

Top camera controls

Controls on the top of the camera enable you to use your thumb and index finger on your right hand to control common adjustments quickly. Here is a look at the top camera controls Mode dial. This dial enables you to switch among shooting modes by lining up the mode you want with the white mark beside the dial. ISO speed button. Press this button to set the sensor's ISO setting, which determines the sensor's sensitivity to light. In Creative Zone modes such as P Program AE Auto Exposure , Tv...

How To Set Aperture On Canon 450d

Aperture-priority AE mode is shown on the camera Mode dial as Av. Av mode is a semiautomatic mode that enables you to control the aperture. In this mode, you change the aperture by turning the Main dial, and then the camera automatically calculates and sets the appropriate shutter speed. As detailed earlier, aperture is the primary factor that controls the depth of field. A wide aperture, such as f 3.5, provides a shallow depth of field that softly blurs the background. A narrow aperture, such...

Use White Balance Auto Bracketing

Given the range of indoor tungsten, fluorescent, and other types of lights that are available, the preset white balance options may or may not be spot-on accurate for the type of light in the scene. Alternately, you may prefer a bit more of a green or blue bias to the overall image color. With the XSi 450D, you can use White Balance Auto Bracketing to get a set of three images, each a slightly different color bias up to - 3 levels in one-step increments. White Balance Auto Bracketing is handy...

JPEG format

JPEG, which stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group, is a popular file format that enjoys not only smaller file sizes than the RAW format, but also offers the advantage of being able to display your images straight from the camera on any computer, on the Web, and in e-mail messages. To achieve the small file size, JPEG discards some data from the image usually data that you would not easily see anyway. This characteristic gains JPEG its lossy moniker because it loses image data during...

Set White Balance Correction

Similar to White Balance Auto Bracketing, you can also manually set the color bias of images to a single bias setting by using White Balance Correction. The color can be biased toward blue B , amber A , magenta M , or green G in - nine levels measured as mireds, or densities. Each level of color correction that you set is equivalent to five mireds of a color-temperature conversion filter. When you set a color correction or bias, it is used for all images until you Note On the Rebel XSi 450D,...

Setting Live View Custom Functions

While Chapter 5 details setting Custom Functions C.Fn , there are two functions you should set before you begin using Live View shooting. For the sake of convenience, they are included here. AF during Live View shooting determines whether you use the camera's built-in auto-focusing system during Live View shooting. The function is set to Disable by default. To use the camera's autofocus system, you must turn on either Quick mode or Live mode, both of which are explained in the step-by-step...

Fn AF during Live View shooting

This function enables you to use autofocus by choosing Option 1 or 2 when you use Live View shooting. Here are the options and a description of each one Reference Details on using autofocus and focusing in Live View shooting are provided in Chapter 4. 0 Disable. With this default option set, autofocus using the Rebel XSi 450D's onboard autofocus system is not possible in either Quick or Live mode. 1 Quick mode. Using this option, you focus using the onboard autofocus system and with the...

Using Flash Control Options

With the XSi 450D, many of the onboard and accessory flash settings are available on the camera menus. The Set-up 2 yellow menu offers onboard flash settings including the first or second curtain shutter sync, Flash Exposure Compensation, and E-TTL II or Average exposure metering. When an accessory Speedlite is mounted, you can use the Set-up 2 yellow menu to set FEC and to set Evaluative or Average flash metering. In addition, you can change or clear the Custom Function C.Fn settings for...

Singleimage playback

Single-image playback is the default playback mode, and it briefly displays the image on the LCD after you take the picture. Canon sets the initial display time to 2 seconds, hardly enough time to move the camera from your eye and to see the image preview. The display time is intentionally set to 2 seconds to maximize battery life, but a longer display time of 4 seconds is more useful. You can also choose to set the Hold option to display the image until you dismiss it by lightly pressing the...

Using Image Stabilized Lenses

Image stabilization IS is a technology that counteracts motion blur from handholding the camera. Whether IS belongs in the lens or in the camera is a matter of debate. But for Canon, the argument is that stabilization belongs in the lens because different lenses have different stabilization needs. If you've shopped for lenses lately, you know that IS comes at a premium price, but IS is often worth the extra money because, in practice, you gain from one to three f-stops of stability and that...

Using White Balance and Picture Styles

Never has the ability to get accurate color been as accessible as it is with digital photography. Color options begin in the camera when you select a color space that suits your workflow. In addition, Canon offers Picture Styles that determine the default tonal curve, sharpness, color rendering, and saturation of images. You can apply a variety of Picture Styles that replicate traditional film looks or render color in different ways in the camera for JPEG capture and either in the camera or...

Viewfinder display

Eos 450d Viewfinder

On the Rebel XSi 450D, the optical, high magnification viewfinder displays approximately 95 percent of the scene that the sensor captures. In addition, the viewfinder displays the AF points, a four-percent Spot metering circle that is etched into the center of the viewfinder, as well as information at the bottom that displays the shutter speed and aperture settings, the Exposure Level meter, space remaining on the card, the current image number, a focus confirmation light, and other settings...

Rebel Xsi What Is Tv Mode

Shutter-priority AE mode, shown as Tv on the Mode dial, is the semiautomatic mode that enables you to set the shutter speed while the camera automatically sets the aperture. Among other things, controlling the shutter speed allows you to freeze subject motion or show it as a blur. Setting a fast shutter speed freezes subject motion, while setting a slow shutter speed shows motion as a blur. You can also use this mode to ensure that the shutter speed is within handholding limits. For example, if...

Press the Menu button and then turn the Main dial to select the Setup yellow menu

Press the down cross key to select File numbering, and then press the Set button. Three file-numbering options, Continuous, Auto reset, and Manual reset, appear with the current setting highlighted. Press the down cross key to select the file-numbering option you want, and then press the Set button. The option you choose remains in effect until you change it, with the exception of Manual reset as noted previously. Once the Rebel XSi 450D is set up, you're ready to begin a satisfying journey...

Tone and color

At the most fundamental level, contrast is the difference between light and dark tones in an image. But in a larger context, contrast includes differences in colors, forms, and shapes, and it is at the heart of composition. In photography, contrast not only defines the subject, but it also renders the shape, 9.3 This image uses tetrad colors a contrast of four or more colors on the color wheel. Exposure ISO 100, f 2.8, 1 30 second using an EF 24-70mm, f 2.8L USM lens. depth, and form of the...

Night Portrait mode

In Night Portrait mode, the Rebel XSi 450D combines flash with a slow synch speed to correctly expose both the person and the background. Because this mode uses a longer exposure, it's important that the subject remain still during the entire exposure to avoid blur. Be sure to use a tripod or set the camera on a solid surface to take night portraits. You should use this mode when people are in the picture, rather than for general night shots, because the camera blurs the background similar to...

RAW format

RAW files store image data directly from the camera's sensor to the media card with a minimum of in-camera processing. Unlike JPEG images, which you can view in any image-editing program, you must view and convert RAW files using Canon's Digital Photo Professional program or another program such as Adobe Lightroom or Adobe Camera Raw. You may wonder why you'd choose RAW shooting. RAW files offer the ultimate flexibility and control over the image because you can change key camera settings after...

Fn Shutter buttonAE Lock button

This function changes the function of the Shutter button and the AE Lock button the button located at the top-right back of the camera with an asterisk above it in starting and stopping autofocus and exposure metering. To understand this function, it's important to know that the Rebel XSi 450D links the light metering, which determines the exposure for the image, to the selected AF point. So when you press the Shutter button halfway, the XSi 450D simultaneously meters the amount of light in the...